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Blood Group compatibility chart

The most important blood groups present in transfusion process are the ABO blood group system and the RhD blood group system.

Blood groups are determined by a protein known as antigen on the surface of the red blood cell. So, the ABO system has A and B antigens and the RhD system has the D antigen. Presence and absence of D antigen makes the blood group either +ve or _ve. The ABO system has associated anti-A and anti-B antibodies. Antibodies are the body's natural defense against foreign antigens. These antibodies are found in the plasma. The ABO blood system can be understood simply with the help of the following chart:

Blood Types

Blood Types Antigen on red blood cells Antibodies in plasma Can recelve blood from Can donate
A A anti-B O and A A and AB
B B anti-A O and B B and AB
AB A and B neither O,A,B and AB AB Only
O neither anti-A and anti-B O only O,A,B and AB

Sometimes we do not get the required type of blood during emergency need. In that case , we can use compatible blood groups to meet the emergency needs. A list of compatible blood groups is given below.

Antigen on red blood cells Antibodies in plasma Can receive blood from Can donate blood to neither  anti-B

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Information About Blood & Blood Donation

About Blood

Blood Cannot be manufactured; It can only come from volunteer donors

Blood is a specialized bodily fluid present in animals whose function is to deliver necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the tissues and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

Blood Donation

Blood donation is a simple four-step process:

Blood donation is a simple four-step process: registration, medical history and mini-physical check up and donation.

Every blood donor is has to undergo medical screening process such as the donor's temperature, blood pressure, pulse and hemoglobin to ensure it is safe for the donor to give blood.



Blood Component Donation

Component donation is a specialised way of donating using a cell separator machine.

These machines separate the blood into all its various components: platelets, red cells, plasma & white cells. We take out just what we need and put back into your body what we don’t. Because the large majority of blood components are returned, the donor can safely donate more frequently than every 16 weeks. In some cases, this can be every two weeks.

A component donation is very important as this allows us to collect individual parts of the blood as and when we need them most.

Blood Transfusion

Blood transfusion is the process of receiving blood products into one's circulation intravenously.

Blood transfusion is the process of receiving blood products into one's circulation intravenously. Transfusions are used in a variety of medical conditions to replace lost components of the blood.

Early transfusions used whole blood, but modern medical practice commonly uses only components of the blood, such as red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, clotting factors, and platelets.

Journal of Transfusion Science

Asian Journal of Transfusion Science (AJTS, ISSN 0973-6247)

is publication of Indian Society of Blood Transfusion and Immunohemtology (ISBTI). It is the extension of 'Transfusion Bulletin' of ISBTI which was published in the year 1980 and it disseminated the knowledge of transfusion science to all members of ISBTI for 26 years. The bulletin was circulated Semiannual on regular basis among more than two thousand members of ISBTI, all medical college libraries and all blood banks (about 2200 in number) in India. It is a special window particularly for the Asian scientists to put forward their scientific materials to the world community. This journal will try to become a mouth-piece of the scientific community from the developing world.

The journal can be accessed at http://ajts.org/
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