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History Of Blood Donation

YEAR

ACHIEVEMENTS

1628 British Physician William Harvey, leading physician of his time, was the first to describe the function of heart and blood circulation in our body .
1658 Microscopist Jan Swammerdam observes and describes red blood cells.
1667 The first recorded successful blood transfusion occurs in England: Oxford Physician, Richard Lower keeps dog alive by transfusing blood from other dogs.
1818 James Blundell, a British obstetrician, performed the first successful transfusion of human Blood to a patient for the postpartum hemorrhage treatment.
1840 In England, Samuel Armstrong Lane, along with his consultant Dr. Blundell, performed the first successful whole Blood transfusion to treat hemophilia.
1901 Karl Landsteiner, an Austrian physician, gave the first major breakthrough in the field of Blood transfusion. He documented the first three human Blood groups (based on substances present on the red Blood cells), A, B and O.
1902 A. Decastrello and A. Sturli. discovered the fourth main Blood type, AB.
1907
  • Ludvig Hektoen suggests that the safety of transfusion might be improved by cross-matching blood between donors and patients to exclude incompatible mixtures
  • Reuben Ottenberg performs the first blood transfusion using blood typing and cross-matching.
1914 Long-term anticoagulants, among them sodium citrate, were developed which allow longer preservation of Blood.
1939-1940 The Rh blood group system was discovered by Karl Landsteiner, Alexander Wiener, Philip Levine and R.E. Stetson in this year.
1926 The British Red Cross became the first voluntary human Blood transfusion service in the world.
1986 HIV testing is introduced.
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Information About Blood & Blood Donation

About Blood

Blood Cannot be manufactured; It can only come from volunteer donors

Blood is a specialized bodily fluid present in animals whose function is to deliver necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the tissues and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

Blood Donation

Blood donation is a simple four-step process:

Blood donation is a simple four-step process: registration, medical history and mini-physical check up and donation.

Every blood donor is has to undergo medical screening process such as the donor's temperature, blood pressure, pulse and hemoglobin to ensure it is safe for the donor to give blood.

 

 

Blood Component Donation

Component donation is a specialised way of donating using a cell separator machine.

These machines separate the blood into all its various components: platelets, red cells, plasma & white cells. We take out just what we need and put back into your body what we don’t. Because the large majority of blood components are returned, the donor can safely donate more frequently than every 16 weeks. In some cases, this can be every two weeks.

A component donation is very important as this allows us to collect individual parts of the blood as and when we need them most.

Blood Transfusion

Blood transfusion is the process of receiving blood products into one's circulation intravenously.

Blood transfusion is the process of receiving blood products into one's circulation intravenously. Transfusions are used in a variety of medical conditions to replace lost components of the blood.

Early transfusions used whole blood, but modern medical practice commonly uses only components of the blood, such as red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, clotting factors, and platelets.

Journal of Transfusion Science

Asian Journal of Transfusion Science (AJTS, ISSN 0973-6247)

is publication of Indian Society of Blood Transfusion and Immunohemtology (ISBTI). It is the extension of 'Transfusion Bulletin' of ISBTI which was published in the year 1980 and it disseminated the knowledge of transfusion science to all members of ISBTI for 26 years. The bulletin was circulated Semiannual on regular basis among more than two thousand members of ISBTI, all medical college libraries and all blood banks (about 2200 in number) in India. It is a special window particularly for the Asian scientists to put forward their scientific materials to the world community. This journal will try to become a mouth-piece of the scientific community from the developing world.

The journal can be accessed at http://ajts.org/
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